Medieval Beta Israel Monasticism (Abstract)

Shedding Light on Medieval Beta Israel (Ethiopian Jewish) Monasticism:

An Examination of Sources and Suggestions for Future Study

Bar Kribus, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Supervisors: Prof. Steven Kaplan and Prof. Joseph Patrich

The Beta Israel monastic movement is the only Jewish / Judaized monastic movement known to have existed in medieval and modern times. Similar to their Christian counterparts, Beta Israel monks were celibate, observed ascetic practices and lived in monasteries. This movement was traditionally founded in the fifteenth century, and virtually ceased to exist in the second half of the twentieth century. Continue reading Medieval Beta Israel Monasticism (Abstract)

The Motif of the Apocalyptic Abyssinian (Abstract)

The Motif of the Apocalyptic Abyssinian: From Early Islamic hadith to Prophecies during the 5th Crusade

Ziel der Arbeit ist es textuelle und kartografische Belege zu finden,  die eine bislang unbeachtete eschatologische Gefahrenzone am Horn von Afrika so gut wie möglich begründen. Die Arbeit beruht auf zwei Säulen: eine textuelle und eine kartografische Beweisführung. Meine Ausführungen werden sich hier auf den kartografischen Teil beschränken. Continue reading The Motif of the Apocalyptic Abyssinian (Abstract)

Magic in Medieval Ethiopian Christian Kingdom (Abstract)

The Circulation of Knowledges, Techniques, and Practices from the Mediterranean to the Red Sea, 15th Century

Since the 15th century, the dabtara, cantors of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, have performed divination, healed, and conducted exorcisms at the request of Christian believers. They are known to produce magic scrolls and amulets, use the Psalms or the Gospels for divination, as well as write books of prayers. The Ethiopian Orthodoxy, which developed within the Christian Orient, prohibits many of the dabtara’s practices and has classified them under the term “magic”.

Continue reading Magic in Medieval Ethiopian Christian Kingdom (Abstract)