- The importance of the region during the medieval period: center has played a vital role in the Management of the trade.
- Linked the region neighboring the country during this period and following periods across land roads through desert to Eastern Sudan and Ethiopia.
- The trade routes were very important and the area overseeing this transit trade of harming the political and economic security.
- The very large area is in need of more detailed study.
Continue reading The Archaeology of the medieval period in the Sudan Red Sea: A New Perspective V
The medieval site in the Eastern Sudan:
The-Post Meroitic sites:
Although very rare, few sites with typical Post-Meroitic materials occur in Eastern Sudan. A site characterized by Post-Meroitic materials most likely associated with a cemetery with tumuli was identified in the northern part of the region, South of Jebel Ofreik and east of the ford of Goz Regeb, a traditional gateway between Eastern Sudan and the Butana, while further sites with typical Post-Meroitic materials were recently recorded north of the Khor Umm Sitebah, Jebel Abu Gamal. Continue reading The Archaeology of the medieval period in the Sudan Red Sea: A New Perspective IV
The Red Sea: The geographical location, Geology and History
The Red Sea was among the very first regions of the Middle East to be studied and explored by Enlightenment Europe, for as early as 1766 by the French cartographer. Shortly thereafter the publication of the royal Danish expedition to Arabia provided the first detailed account of the Hijaz and Yemen, to which can be added James Bruce’s publication of his travel in Ethiopia and Nubia. This may therefore be regarded as the beginning of the historical and archaeological study of the red sea region. A number of Studies were conducted on the left and right bank of the Red Sea area until now. Continue reading The Archaeology of the medieval period in the Sudan Red Sea: A New Perspective III
- Concept of the medieval period in Sudan
- Lack of information about the area
- History of the studies’ use of stylistic analysis
- Extraordinary variety
- Then – Necessity of new methodology
- The problem, among others is that the area has not benefitted from much archaeological investigation in spite of associations that of important findings by earlier investigators. The reasons for this are to be found in the remoteness of the location and the difficulty of the terrain of the area. The works of the early scholars that investigated the sites hint on tombs that are believed to be of great antiquity because of the Islamic inscriptions on them especially in Khor Nubt, Arkaweet and its borders.
- Besides, recent archaeological reconnaissance carried out by researchers evidenced long habitation of the region in the past even though some places are now arid, rocky, dry and inclement for easy human occupation.
- The visit to the area, the scant extant literature on it, does not befit the importance of archaeology as a discipline and an occupation in the Sudan that is naturally blessed with potential sites.
Continue reading The Archaeology of the medieval period in the Sudan Red Sea: A New Perspective II
This paper sets out preliminary observations of the recent archaeological work and landscape history of eastern Sudan, which deals in broad outline with the archaeology and history of eastern Sudan during the medieval period. The results of archaeological work carried out over the last season in the area provided that the archaeology in the region has been flourishing, and also provided important information relating to the earliest occupation of the medieval settlement and Islamic trade activity in the area. Continue reading The Archaeology of the medieval period in the Sudan Red Sea: A New Perspective I: Introduction
The paper by will present preliminary observations on the recent archaeological work and landscape history of the eastern Sudan during the medieval period stemming from a project entitled “Suakin and the red Sea project for archaeological, environmental and cultural studies”, of which I am a director. The paper will discuss the problems of the study in this area, especially the concept of the medieval period in Sudan and the lack of information about the area.
Continue reading The Archaeology of the Medieval Period in the Red Sea: New Perspectives (Abstract)