The medieval site in the Eastern Sudan:
The-Post Meroitic sites:
Although very rare, few sites with typical Post-Meroitic materials occur in Eastern Sudan. A site characterized by Post-Meroitic materials most likely associated with a cemetery with tumuli was identified in the northern part of the region, South of Jebel Ofreik and east of the ford of Goz Regeb, a traditional gateway between Eastern Sudan and the Butana, while further sites with typical Post-Meroitic materials were recently recorded north of the Khor Umm Sitebah, Jebel Abu Gamal.
The Christian sites characterized by black slipped ware, red polished ware, and red ware with impressed ledges and incised decorative patterns among which the occurrence of crosses should be remarked, is located west of the Gash delta. Also some red bricks characterized by engraved fishes, crosses and Greek letters were found there. A further unpublished site with pottery characterized by incised crosses was discovered in the area of Jebel Ofreik. The pottery from these sites was considered as related to some productions from Soba.
North of Kassala, not far from the paved road to Port Sudan, a cemetery was recently discovered in a sector of site. Although the attitude of the bodies, in extended position on the right flank, with the right arm along the body and the left one flexed, recalls that of Muslim graves, their orientation varies from east-west to north-south, with the head to the south or to the east, therefore an attribution to a Christian community can be proposed for this cemetery.
Types of graves and buildings in the areaThis is a famous form of cemeteries that spread in eastern Sudan, and the word Acratail is a local word meaning tombstone. Some people call it Roman tombs. Some researchers called it fish tail. In other words, the basic form consists of a large, semi-square tomb, as well as two small graves near it, forming the fish’s tail. This site was found near the asphalt road inside Arkuit, which is located southwest of Arkuit.
A preliminary study was carried out on the tomb of Arkaweet, conducted by Anwar Abdel-Maged and used in radioactive carbon and the study proved that this cemetery dates back to the twelfth or the thirteenth century AD. We are conducting detailed studies and excavation work and identification of the buried.