The Archaeology of the medieval period in the Sudan Red Sea: A New Perspective III

The Red Sea: The geographical location, Geology and History

The Red Sea was among the very first regions of the Middle East to be studied and explored by Enlightenment Europe, for as early as 1766 by the French cartographer. Shortly thereafter the publication of the royal Danish expedition to Arabia provided the first detailed account of the Hijaz and Yemen, to which can be added James Bruce’s publication of his travel in Ethiopia and Nubia. This may therefore be regarded as the beginning of the historical and archaeological study of the red sea region. A number of Studies were conducted on the left and right bank of the Red Sea area until now.

The Red Sea region also formed the link between the civilizations in eastern Sudan and those in the south, the north and the west in one part, and the civilizations of the Levant, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Arabian Peninsula in the other part, as the Red Sea has been an important route of trade throughout recorded human history, linking trade goods of India and the Far East with the historical markets in Egypt, the classical world and Europe.

Historical background:

The most prominent feature is the apparent neglect of references, and until recently the people of eastern Sudan living Alignment Ethiopia’s northern border, the Atbara River and the Red Sea and the Ethiopian plateau, which led the paucity of information for archaeologists. Scarce and available by modern archaeologists and historians from the likes of Arkell and Shiner and Vadovich_ Marx and Dirar and others.

Map of the Persian Sea drawn by Ibn Hawqual.

There are many archaeological ports in the Red Sea Region, among the most famous are Suakin, Ayhdab, and Badi, which were focal points for boats and convoys coming from different directions on their way to different parts of Africa and Asia. In this sense, the Red Sea was a springboard for convoys and boats as well as a crossroad of civilizations

Cite this article as: ahmedadam, "The Archaeology of the medieval period in the Sudan Red Sea: A New Perspective III," in Africana, 25/12/2017,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.