This paper sets out preliminary observations of the recent archaeological work and landscape history of eastern Sudan, which deals in broad outline with the archaeology and history of eastern Sudan during the medieval period. The results of archaeological work carried out over the last season in the area provided that the archaeology in the region has been flourishing, and also provided important information relating to the earliest occupation of the medieval settlement and Islamic trade activity in the area.
We mainly depend on information from major ports such as Suakin, Aidab, and Badi, while the rest of the area is hardly studied. Further archaeological investigation is needed for this area to get a better understanding of its history. Our present and future study is working toward understanding archaeological survey, excavation, and oral history research, from which we hope to get a better understanding of the long-term human settlement in the region during the medieval period.